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April 20, 2024

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Kazakhstan    Kazakhstan   

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In the Republic of Kazakhstan, the heatwave that began in June 2021 in the Southern and Western regions of the country (Kyzylorda, Mangystau and Turkestan regions) led to record temperatures up to 46.5℃ (recorded on July 7) in the region with a norm of 28.3℃. This has seriously affected the main livestock farms. According to the local meteorological service "Kazhydromet", the removal of hot and dry air masses from the region of Iran preserves abnormally hot weather on the territory of most of the Republic of Kazakhstan. As a result of the abnormally high air temperature in various regions of the country, rapid runoff of rivers and reservoirs occurs. Also, the soil dries up to a depth of 50 cm, which caused the lack of vegetation and natural feed on pastures. Based on the impossibility of grazing livestock, the minimum reserves of feed and drink are exhausted, which leads to mass death. To date, the death of more than 2000 units of livestock has been recorded (in these regions) and this figure is increasing every day. In addition to the mass death of livestock, crops and agricultural crops are also being actively destroyed, which can potentially lead to a major food crisis in several regions of the country, where cattle are a key object of vital activity due to the geographical and climatic features of the southern and western regions of Kazakhstan. The death of livestock and agricultural crops in the three regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Mangistau, Kyzylorda and Turkestan regions) causes serious damage to the local population, since it is the only source of income and vital activity.

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