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April 24, 2024

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e    Malawi   

Malawi, a landlocked country in southeastern Africa, is defined by its topography of highlands split by the Great Rift Valley and enormous Lake Malawi. The lake’s southern end falls within Lake Malawi National Park – sheltering diverse wildlife from colorful fish to baboons – and its clear waters are popular for diving and boating. Peninsular Cape Maclear is known for its beach resorts. ― Google

Capital: Lilongwe

Population: 19.13 million (2020) World Bank

President: Lazarus Chakwera

Currency: Malawian kwacha

Continent: Africa

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Malawi is currently experiencing one of its worst cholera outbreaks in years, with the first case registered in Machinga district in the Southern region of Malawi on 2nd March 2022. The Malawi Ministry of Health declared the cholera outbreak on 3rd March 2022, due to the increase in the number of confirmed cases. The cholera outbreak, initially limited to the southern part of the country, has now spread throughout the country. All the 29 health districts have reported Cholera cases since the confirmation of the first case this year.

Background:
Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The disease is spread through the ingestion of contaminated food or water. Cholera is a preventable and treatable disease, but it can lead to severe dehydration and death if left untreated. Malawi has experienced multiple cholera outbreaks in the past, with the most recent one occurring in 2017, where over 1,000 cases were reported, and 30 deaths recorded.

Current Situation:
The cholera outbreak in Malawi has continued to worsen, with over 3,000 cases and 80 deaths recorded as of 7th March 2022. The outbreak has spread to all the 29 health districts in the country, with the highest number of cases being reported in the Southern region. The Ministry of Health has attributed the outbreak to poor sanitation and hygiene practices, as well as inadequate access to safe water sources in affected areas. The government has declared a state of emergency in response to the outbreak, and various measures have been put in place to contain its spread.

Response:
The Malawi government, in partnership with international organizations, has launched a massive response to contain the cholera outbreak. The Ministry of Health has set up cholera treatment centers in affected areas to provide medical care to those affected by the disease. The government has also intensified efforts to improve sanitation and hygiene practices in affected areas, as well as providing clean and safe water sources. Various awareness campaigns have been launched to educate communities on how to prevent and manage the disease.

Conclusion:
The cholera outbreak in Malawi is a serious public health concern that requires urgent action. The government, in partnership with other stakeholders, needs to intensify its efforts to contain the outbreak and prevent its further spread. Improving access to safe water sources, promoting proper sanitation and hygiene practices, and educating communities on cholera prevention and management are critical interventions that need to be prioritized. It is also essential to provide adequate medical care to those affected by the disease to minimize the risk of severe dehydration and death.

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MRCS (RedCross)
Malawi Red Cross Society (MRCS)
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Humanitarian Impact
  2,184,590
      Affected Persons
⇣ DownLoad Report
MDRMW017_OS.pdf

OCHA coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises.

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